LONDON MOSCOW BEIJING BANGKOK

Customs clearance

Customs clearance (customs clearance, cargo declaration, export, import) - complete the necessary formalities arising in connection with the movement across the customs border of goods and vehicles, as well as in case of change of the customs regime. In a speech often use the expression "zatamozhka" and "customs clearance", which is the spoken language, but not a professional. Competent experts in the field of customs clearance data do not use the expression and you will never hear the expression data from their mouths. If you have heard the expression data from the company's specialists, where you refer to the issue of customs clearance of your goods, then you've come to the company with no professionals in this area and recommend that you refer to another company.
Customs policy determines the main directions of the customs control and customs.
Customs - an activity to eliminate the customs rules. 
International trade involves the movement of goods across the border from one country to another. There are bodies of state administration of foreign economic activity for the regulation of trade.
Any operation on import and export of any property not pass unnoticed for the state. They can both be harmful to the national economy and stimulate domestic production. In order to keep these processes within certain limits, the world have resorted to the use of barriers to commercial items. Most of these obstacles apply to the importation of goods into the territory of the state, as exports (sales) as the most beneficial to the manufacturer, and the economy as a whole.
Prohibitions and restrictions are also certain obstacles to trade routes. But this obstacle forced, as it is based on a number of interests of the state and its citizens. In the tradition of the customs legislation of the various countries of the world - the establishment of a list of prohibited goods to move across the border (weapons, drugs, etc.)
Customs clearance includes:
Presentation of the customs authority of shipping, permits, customs declaration and the declared goods, payment of customs duties.
Customs clearance is a prerequisite when crossing the border or changing a customs regime.
Normally, customs clearance can be carried out either directly to the owner of the goods, or the customs broker - organization carrying out the declaration and clearance on the basis of a contract.
Preparation of documents for customs clearance
To carry out customs control and customs clearance of persons transporting goods and vehicles, are required to provide the customs authorities all the necessary for this purpose the documents and information.
A specific list of documents required for customs clearance, depending on the direction (import or export), target movement of goods across the customs border, conditions of carriage, the form of settlements between partners selected customs regime, as well as the specific code of the goods according to the Commodity nomenclature of foreign economic activity of the CIS and related restrictions with it.
The package of documents for customs clearance of the consignment:
-The foreign trade contract (sale, barter, supply agreement, invitation, etc.), additional agreements;
-Invoice (bill, invoice) a document certifying the value and the purchase of goods.
-Specification (if provided by the terms of the contract), packing list;
-Commodity-transport documents (bill of lading, the TIR Carnet, an international automobile waybill (the CMR), Russian waybill (TTN), an air waybill, a railway consignment note (international or Russian);
-Payment orders, proof of payment of customs duties
-Documents required for the implementation of exchange controls and the confirmation of the customs value of goods (the transaction passport (contract value of more than US $ 50,000), shipment, insurance documents (if provided by the terms of delivery), payment documents with 100% or partial payment for the goods).
-Power of attorney
-Passport (copy)
-Employment contract
-The order of acceptance to work
-Certificate of Registration
-Certificate of state registration
-Certificate of registration in the Unified State Register
-Certificate GOSKOMSTAT
-Certificate the bank on the availability of accounts (available once, if the organization is not made before the customs authority).
-Insurance policy (if the terms of delivery imply this cargo insurance)
These documents are available to the customs authority in the form of copies, if the declaration is submitted in paper form or in electronic form (scanned version by e-mail or on electronic storage media (flash card) when filing a declaration to the customs authorities in electronic form.
Permits public bodies:
-License (Ministry of foreign economic relations and trade (import and export of goods subject to non-tariff control), Federal Customs Service of Russia (in the case of the application of certain customs regimes);
-Permits other public bodies (of the Interior, the Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Health, Ministry of Communications, Ministry of Culture, etc.);
-Certificates (origin form ST-1, A declaration of conformity, hygienic certificate, certificate of safety, veterinary, phytosanitary certificate);
The above documents are available to the customs authority in the original performance; Security certificates, sanitary, veterinary and phytosanitary certificates may be presented in the form of a copy certified by the organization or by the customs broker.
Currently, in accordance with the Customs Code of the Customs Union, there is a customs declaration, the term that is used instead of the term custom clearance.
SCC (State Customs Committee) - is the old name of the supervisory authority, the right to speak FCS (Federal Customs Service)
Federal executive body, exercising direct leadership of the Russian Federation customs business, is the Federal Customs Service of Russia (FCS) .FTS is administered by the Ministry of Economic Development and Trade of the Russian Federation.
Customs authorities constitute a single, centralized federal system, which includes:
1. The Federal Customs Service (FCS) of Russia;
2. Regional customs departments;
3. Customs;
4. The customs office.

All parts of the system are not subject to federal and state authorities of the Federation authorities, local government and voluntary organizations. Each customs authority is subject to the downstream vertical only by the higher customs authorities supervising its activities.
In 2012, the customs legislation of the strongest fashion undergoes changes. Firstly: it is the introduction of electronic declaration procedure. Europe has long been working on such a scheme, and therefore the value of the customs declaration they are much lower. Russia only - only reconstructed and successfully!
Bids for customs clearance is still quite high compared to Europe, but the simplification of customs clearance procedures at the expense of computer technology makes itself felt. President Vladimir Putin in July 2012 signed a decree on Russia's accession to the WTO (World Trade Organization). This event greatly affected the entire customs sector. Namely, greatly changed the customs duties on many, but almost all imported goods. The following are changes in customs duties, which will be produced in the next 10 years (in 2020 the average import tariff will drop to 7.8%):
1. The average import tariff on agricultural products will be reduced from 13.2% to 10.8%
2. Industrial products from 9.5% to 7.3%
3. The amounts of the fees remain unchanged for beef and poultry
4. Pork: inures single import duty of 25% on the 5. dairy products decrease from 19.8% to 14.9% 6. The duties for cereals will be established at the level of 10% from 2020.
Here are the main changes that are expected to be imported into Russia. Of course, this will lead to an increase in imported goods. The introduction of electronic declaration just needed to facilitate customs clearance.
The World Trade Organization (WTO) and World Customs Organization - a kind of international customs organizations that promote coordination and cooperation in the customs sphere.
The regional customs organizations include:
- The European Union (EU);
- Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS).
The objectives of the World Customs Organisation:
- Development of international harmonization and unification of customs SCS;
- Ensuring a higher level of harmonization and unification of customs systems;
-improving customs legislation and technologies;
-usilenie combating international crimes by customs agents.

Customs clearance of cargoes
International freight involve compulsory customs procedures and pay the appropriate fees in line with the customs code TN VED (commodity nomenclature of foreign economic activity). Since LCL are composed of small consignments of various goods belonging to different recipients, the customs clearance of all origin entirely impossible. Each of the cargo may have a different HS code, respectively, for the clearance rates for them will be different. For these reasons, usually customs clearance services by shipping companies and customs brokers are reduced to filling in the necessary documents, the definition of HS code, promote the most rapid passage of customs procedures and other actions, simplifying the interaction with the customs authorities.
Benefits
The main advantages that are typical of precast traffic - is economical and easy to transport in this format. Significant savings are achieved through the efficient use of cargo space. In this case, can be quite affordable even by air, which are generally characterized by high price. Usually transportation of cargoes is made in the format of "door to door", so the convenience of this type of transport is also undeniable.

 

NEWS



20.09.2012
Акция! Все по 9 $/кг...  read more


19.09.2012
Услуги по подбору рабочего персонала - поданных Королевства Таиланд...  read more



EXCHANGE RATES

for 21.01.2018
USD USD
56.5892
EUR Euro
69.3953